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What You Can Discover Visiting to Erebuni Fortress

City

Erebuni Fortress also known as Arin Berd is a fortified city from the ancient kingdom of Urartu, located in what is present-day Yerevan, Armenia. It was one of several fortresses built along the northern Urartu border and was one of the most important political, economic and cultural centers of the vast kingdom. The name Yerevan itself is derived from Erebuni.

Erebuni was founded by King Argishti I (r. ca. 785–753 B.C.) in 782 B.C. It was built on top of a hill called Arin Berd overlooking the Arax! River Valley to serve as a military stronghold to protect the kingdom's northern borders.

Erebuni Museum of History in Yerevan

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The Erebuni Historical & Archeological Culture-Preserve was founded on May 24, 1968 according to Resolution 225, passed by the Government of the Republic of Armenia.

It was created to scientifically validate finds discovered in the three famous archaeological sites of Arin Berd, Karmir Blur and Shengavit, situated in the administrative boundaries of Yerevan. The Culture-Preserve’s main interest is in documenting the history of the establishment of Yerevan. It operates according to its charter to promote scientific information, educational and cultural activity.

Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking Ararat(n1)

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The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here. In the southwest portion of the yard was a temple of the god Khaldi.

Excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952

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Early excavations began during the nineteenth century while more systematic excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952, under the joint sponsorship of the Armenian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography and the Pushkin Museum's Board for the Preservation and Restoration of Architectural Monuments.

Dozens of Urartian and Achaemenian artifacts, such as pottery, earthenware, belt-buckles, bracelets, beads, drinking vessels, helmets, arrows and silver coins, were also uncovered...

Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in 7th century BC

City

The city of Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in the first half of the 7th century BC to protect the eastern borders of Urartu from the barbaric Cimmerians and Scythians.

Within the city was a governors palace that contained a hundred and twenty rooms spreading across more than ten acres, and citadel named the Citadel of Teisheba after the Urartian god of war.
The construction of the city, palace, and the citadel were not fully finished until the reign of Rusa III, some 50 years later.

Strategic program to preserve Karmir Blur

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Image 1 Early this year, Armenian Government’s control service found out that 40 hectares of the territory was covered by construction waste, while 1.5 hectares formed part of the nearest graveyard.
Dr. Gagik Gyurjyan briefed to Premier on the problems and current state of Karmir Blur. Mr. Sargsyan, for his part, said that Government will soon submit the program aimed at the maintenance and development of the historical site.

Image 0 Erebuni historical-archeological museum director Dr

Early this year, Armenian Government’s control service found out that 40 hectares of the territory was covered by construction waste, while 1.5 hectares formed part of the nearest graveyard.

Dr. Gagik Gyurjyan briefed to Premier on the problems and current state of Karmir Blur. Mr. Sargsyan, for his part, said that Government will soon submit the program aimed at the maintenance and development of the historical site.

Gagik Gyurjyan briefed the Prime Minister on the problems encountered and the current state of Karmir Blur by stressing that while excavations are at standstill due to the current state of affairs, the site continues to be of great interest to archeologists as the Teishebaini castle, built in the VI century B.C., has reached us intact.

What will the site's future day be like and what has to be done in order to revive the site? To find a response to these questions, the Prime Minister called a first consultative meeting on the spot involving the Mayor of Yerevan, the Minister of Culture and other public stakeholders. During the meeting, cemetery and museum boundaries were reported to have been delimited already.

At the end of his working visit, Tigran Sargsyan informed the news reporters that a strategic program will be out over the few months to come enabling the preservation of historical heritage and making it more attractive for tourists.

The Prime Minister added that in cooperation with the Asian Bank, a motor-road will be built along the border of the ancient settlement to enhance its attractiveness
in the eyes of travelers.

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What to discover in Erebuni

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Image 1

Նժույգը որսից հետո

Achaemenid period

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Խալդի աստծո (գահի վրա) և նրա կնոջ՝ Արուբանիի պատկերներով արծաթե կանացի զարդ

Silver Medalions

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Պահպանվել են ոսկերչական արվեստի բազմաթիվ նմուշներ

Ancient wall-paintings

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Որմնանկար Էրեբունիի սյունաշար դահլիճից

Souvenirs' shop in Museum


Erebuni

 

In Erebuni museum we have a gifts' and souvenirs' shop inside where you can buy different type of souvenirs relating to a particular topic.

Guest Book

The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here.

Guest Book