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What You Can Discover Visiting to Erebuni Fortress

City

Erebuni Fortress also known as Arin Berd is a fortified city from the ancient kingdom of Urartu, located in what is present-day Yerevan, Armenia. It was one of several fortresses built along the northern Urartu border and was one of the most important political, economic and cultural centers of the vast kingdom. The name Yerevan itself is derived from Erebuni.

Erebuni was founded by King Argishti I (r. ca. 785–753 B.C.) in 782 B.C. It was built on top of a hill called Arin Berd overlooking the Arax! River Valley to serve as a military stronghold to protect the kingdom's northern borders.

Erebuni Museum of History in Yerevan

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The Erebuni Historical & Archeological Culture-Preserve was founded on May 24, 1968 according to Resolution 225, passed by the Government of the Republic of Armenia.

It was created to scientifically validate finds discovered in the three famous archaeological sites of Arin Berd, Karmir Blur and Shengavit, situated in the administrative boundaries of Yerevan. The Culture-Preserve’s main interest is in documenting the history of the establishment of Yerevan. It operates according to its charter to promote scientific information, educational and cultural activity.

Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking Ararat(n1)

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The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here. In the southwest portion of the yard was a temple of the god Khaldi.

Excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952

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Early excavations began during the nineteenth century while more systematic excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952, under the joint sponsorship of the Armenian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography and the Pushkin Museum's Board for the Preservation and Restoration of Architectural Monuments.

Dozens of Urartian and Achaemenian artifacts, such as pottery, earthenware, belt-buckles, bracelets, beads, drinking vessels, helmets, arrows and silver coins, were also uncovered...

Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in 7th century BC

City

The city of Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in the first half of the 7th century BC to protect the eastern borders of Urartu from the barbaric Cimmerians and Scythians.

Within the city was a governors palace that contained a hundred and twenty rooms spreading across more than ten acres, and citadel named the Citadel of Teisheba after the Urartian god of war.
The construction of the city, palace, and the citadel were not fully finished until the reign of Rusa III, some 50 years later.

Erebuni joined to European Heritage Days

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30.08.2013

Today, on August 30, 2013 at “Erebuni" Historiacal & Archaeological Museum-Reserve was put a photo exhibition introducing the heritage and the unique beauty of Rome, the contemporary city of Yerevan, towards the European Heritage Days in Armenia.

 

Forty unique images: Colosseum, Emperor Avenue, Pantheon, Trevi Fountain, Roman and Trayanos Forums, Vatican, Capotoline Hill, villa Pamphili, Villa Borghese and other patterns of monumental heritage conveyed the visitors the soul and historic atmosphere of Rome. Forty images of ‘’Eternal city’’, which is considered as the landmark of Europe, will introduce the historic buildings of Rome to the Yerevanians and the guests of the capital, emphasizing that the heritage is the pledge for the beauty of biosphere.  The exhibition is entitled as ‘’ Rome. The contemporary of My City’’ and ends with appeal to the Yerevanians ‘’let’s love and preserve Erebuni’’.

In his opening speech Gagik Gyurjyan, the director of the museum, hoped that this exhibition will make the visitors to form new a behavior and attitude towards Erebuni site, the birthplace of our city.

Traian Hristea, the head of EU delegation in Armenia;  Brunu Scapini ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Italy in Armenia; Aram Sukiasyan, the deputy mayor of Yerevan; Anahit Tovmasyan, the employee of European Board of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mkrtich Minasyan, the head of Union of Architectures greeted the launch of exhibition and the European Heritage Days in Armenia.

Karine Danielyan, diplomat, architecture and the photographer of photo exhibition, mentioned that the preservation of heritage is also a social duty and the damages caused it are irreparable.

Scores of tourists from Germany were the first visitors of the exhibition.

The exhibition will be held till October 30.

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What to discover in Erebuni

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Image 1

Նժույգը որսից հետո

Achaemenid period

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Խալդի աստծո (գահի վրա) և նրա կնոջ՝ Արուբանիի պատկերներով արծաթե կանացի զարդ

Silver Medalions

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Պահպանվել են ոսկերչական արվեստի բազմաթիվ նմուշներ

Ancient wall-paintings

Image 2

Որմնանկար Էրեբունիի սյունաշար դահլիճից

Souvenirs' shop in Museum


Erebuni

 

In Erebuni museum we have a gifts' and souvenirs' shop inside where you can buy different type of souvenirs relating to a particular topic.

Guest Book

The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here.

Guest Book