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What You Can Discover Visiting to Erebuni Fortress

City

Erebuni Fortress also known as Arin Berd is a fortified city from the ancient kingdom of Urartu, located in what is present-day Yerevan, Armenia. It was one of several fortresses built along the northern Urartu border and was one of the most important political, economic and cultural centers of the vast kingdom. The name Yerevan itself is derived from Erebuni.

Erebuni was founded by King Argishti I (r. ca. 785–753 B.C.) in 782 B.C. It was built on top of a hill called Arin Berd overlooking the Arax! River Valley to serve as a military stronghold to protect the kingdom's northern borders.

Erebuni Museum of History in Yerevan

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The Erebuni Historical & Archeological Culture-Preserve was founded on May 24, 1968 according to Resolution 225, passed by the Government of the Republic of Armenia.

It was created to scientifically validate finds discovered in the three famous archaeological sites of Arin Berd, Karmir Blur and Shengavit, situated in the administrative boundaries of Yerevan. The Culture-Preserve’s main interest is in documenting the history of the establishment of Yerevan. It operates according to its charter to promote scientific information, educational and cultural activity.

Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking Ararat(n1)

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The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here. In the southwest portion of the yard was a temple of the god Khaldi.

Excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952

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Early excavations began during the nineteenth century while more systematic excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952, under the joint sponsorship of the Armenian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography and the Pushkin Museum's Board for the Preservation and Restoration of Architectural Monuments.

Dozens of Urartian and Achaemenian artifacts, such as pottery, earthenware, belt-buckles, bracelets, beads, drinking vessels, helmets, arrows and silver coins, were also uncovered...

Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in 7th century BC

City

The city of Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in the first half of the 7th century BC to protect the eastern borders of Urartu from the barbaric Cimmerians and Scythians.

Within the city was a governors palace that contained a hundred and twenty rooms spreading across more than ten acres, and citadel named the Citadel of Teisheba after the Urartian god of war.
The construction of the city, palace, and the citadel were not fully finished until the reign of Rusa III, some 50 years later.

Erebuni 45 years later

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12.12.2013

Tomorrow on December 13, ‘’Erebuni’’ Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve is concluding the year by the event entitled as “Erebuni 45 Years Later”. Presenting to our society 45 years ago, Erebuni museum and site became a remarkable episode in the history of Armenia and Yerevan, available both for the learned and wide society.

 

The restoration of Erebuni city-fortress and the foundation of the museum-reserve became a phenomenon in the Soviet territory; this is why in the international platform the Soviet territory was compared to Egypt, Athens, Babylonia and other old civilizations. The foundation of “Erebuni’’ museum-reserve became an ambition for all Armenians and Yerevanians to present with dignity.

On October 19, 1968 Erebuni opened to the public, introduced to the visitors as the oldest capital of the world founded 2750 years ago. The celebration of Yerevan-2750 was so unforgettable that Erebuni-Yerevan was turned into an annual holiday.

Already 45 years ‘’Erebuni’’ Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve does its best to valorize the past, stimulate the present and be conceited towards the future. Concluding this event, museum-reserve aims to represent its passed way in the context of new projects towards the 2800th anniversary of Yerevan foundation. The museum-reserve hopes that the new exhibition and new restoration of the site will be pivotal for the ceremony towards the 2800th anniversary.

“Erebuni-45’’ not only touches the theme of the opening of the museum and site but also it’s a booking of the future and permanent preservation of this site in the context of new prospects. Within this event, photographs from still library will be shown as a token of gratitude to those people-from officials to the custodians, who devoted themselves to this unique heritage and left it to our city and future generations.

The event will be held on December 13, 2013 at 14:00, Erebuni Museum, Yerevan, Erebuni 38.

Tel. +374 10 43-26-61

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What to discover in Erebuni

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Image 1

Նժույգը որսից հետո

Achaemenid period

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Խալդի աստծո (գահի վրա) և նրա կնոջ՝ Արուբանիի պատկերներով արծաթե կանացի զարդ

Silver Medalions

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Պահպանվել են ոսկերչական արվեստի բազմաթիվ նմուշներ

Ancient wall-paintings

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Որմնանկար Էրեբունիի սյունաշար դահլիճից

Souvenirs' shop in Museum


Erebuni

 

In Erebuni museum we have a gifts' and souvenirs' shop inside where you can buy different type of souvenirs relating to a particular topic.

Guest Book

The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here.

Guest Book