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What You Can Discover Visiting to Erebuni Fortress

City

Erebuni Fortress also known as Arin Berd is a fortified city from the ancient kingdom of Urartu, located in what is present-day Yerevan, Armenia. It was one of several fortresses built along the northern Urartu border and was one of the most important political, economic and cultural centers of the vast kingdom. The name Yerevan itself is derived from Erebuni.

Erebuni was founded by King Argishti I (r. ca. 785–753 B.C.) in 782 B.C. It was built on top of a hill called Arin Berd overlooking the Arax! River Valley to serve as a military stronghold to protect the kingdom's northern borders.

Erebuni Museum of History in Yerevan

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The Erebuni Historical & Archeological Culture-Preserve was founded on May 24, 1968 according to Resolution 225, passed by the Government of the Republic of Armenia.

It was created to scientifically validate finds discovered in the three famous archaeological sites of Arin Berd, Karmir Blur and Shengavit, situated in the administrative boundaries of Yerevan. The Culture-Preserve’s main interest is in documenting the history of the establishment of Yerevan. It operates according to its charter to promote scientific information, educational and cultural activity.

Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking Ararat(n1)

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The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here. In the southwest portion of the yard was a temple of the god Khaldi.

Excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952

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Early excavations began during the nineteenth century while more systematic excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952, under the joint sponsorship of the Armenian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography and the Pushkin Museum's Board for the Preservation and Restoration of Architectural Monuments.

Dozens of Urartian and Achaemenian artifacts, such as pottery, earthenware, belt-buckles, bracelets, beads, drinking vessels, helmets, arrows and silver coins, were also uncovered...

Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in 7th century BC

City

The city of Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in the first half of the 7th century BC to protect the eastern borders of Urartu from the barbaric Cimmerians and Scythians.

Within the city was a governors palace that contained a hundred and twenty rooms spreading across more than ten acres, and citadel named the Citadel of Teisheba after the Urartian god of war.
The construction of the city, palace, and the citadel were not fully finished until the reign of Rusa III, some 50 years later.

"Erebuni" Museum-Reserve summerized the working year

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images/erebuni45gyurjyan.jpg

13.12.2013

Today “Erebuni” Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve summarized the working year and celebrated the 45th anniversary of Erebuni museum in company of many guests and colleagues.

The event entitled as “Erebuni 45 years later” gathered here the intelligent, heritage guards, the officials from Yerevan Municipality and Ministry of Culture, honorable citizens of Yerevan, all the ex-directors and the staff of the museum.

 

The Prime Minister T. Sargsyan and the mayor of Yerevan city T. Margaryan congratulated the staff of the museum. The Prime Minister T. Sargsyan  messaged: “More than four decade you represent the birthplace of our city to the  public and the guests of the republic, deepen the historic  memory of Yerevanians and do your best in order the city-fortress not to lose its identity and be undividable part of the city’s look within modern urban development.”

The director of ‘’Erebuni’’ Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve G. Gyurjyan specified that this initiative is an expression of a gratitude to all those people who stimulate the preservation of Erebuni”  Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve, the only object of the heritage. He also mentioned: “Besides the scientific contents, archaeological heritage comprises a message, and the main message of Erebuni is its age i.e. Erebuni is the collective pride of all Armenians all over the world”

Speaking about the actual problems, G. Gyurjyan mentioned that ‘’Erebuni’’ Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve is trying to present itself as a place for culture, science, leisure and education, but it is difficult to realize it, taking into consideration the restorations carried out 45 years ago and 30 years old exhibition. It should be notified that we must think over the fact how to present on 2800th anniversary of Yerevan and 50th anniversary of the museum.

Suren Narimanyan, the ex-director of the museum, who was also present at the event, was rewarded with Golden Medal by the Ministry of Culture, RA for his long activity in the sphere of heritage preservation and 45th anniversary of the museum. In his speech he mentioned. ‘’Thank you the Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve for doing the things with dignity that I did not manage to realize’’

“Erebuni’’ Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve published the photographs from still library taken on October 19, 1968 at the opening of the museum, where also were inserted excerpts from the writing records of honorable guests.

General Menus

What to discover in Erebuni

Most Popular

Image 1

Նժույգը որսից հետո

Achaemenid period

Image 2

Խալդի աստծո (գահի վրա) և նրա կնոջ՝ Արուբանիի պատկերներով արծաթե կանացի զարդ

Silver Medalions

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Պահպանվել են ոսկերչական արվեստի բազմաթիվ նմուշներ

Ancient wall-paintings

Image 2

Որմնանկար Էրեբունիի սյունաշար դահլիճից

Souvenirs' shop in Museum


Erebuni

 

In Erebuni museum we have a gifts' and souvenirs' shop inside where you can buy different type of souvenirs relating to a particular topic.

Guest Book

The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here.

Guest Book