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What You Can Discover Visiting to Erebuni Fortress

City

Erebuni Fortress also known as Arin Berd is a fortified city from the ancient kingdom of Urartu, located in what is present-day Yerevan, Armenia. It was one of several fortresses built along the northern Urartu border and was one of the most important political, economic and cultural centers of the vast kingdom. The name Yerevan itself is derived from Erebuni.

Erebuni was founded by King Argishti I (r. ca. 785–753 B.C.) in 782 B.C. It was built on top of a hill called Arin Berd overlooking the Arax! River Valley to serve as a military stronghold to protect the kingdom's northern borders.

Erebuni Museum of History in Yerevan

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The Erebuni Historical & Archeological Culture-Preserve was founded on May 24, 1968 according to Resolution 225, passed by the Government of the Republic of Armenia.

It was created to scientifically validate finds discovered in the three famous archaeological sites of Arin Berd, Karmir Blur and Shengavit, situated in the administrative boundaries of Yerevan. The Culture-Preserve’s main interest is in documenting the history of the establishment of Yerevan. It operates according to its charter to promote scientific information, educational and cultural activity.

Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking Ararat(n1)

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The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here. In the southwest portion of the yard was a temple of the god Khaldi.

Excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952

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Early excavations began during the nineteenth century while more systematic excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952, under the joint sponsorship of the Armenian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography and the Pushkin Museum's Board for the Preservation and Restoration of Architectural Monuments.

Dozens of Urartian and Achaemenian artifacts, such as pottery, earthenware, belt-buckles, bracelets, beads, drinking vessels, helmets, arrows and silver coins, were also uncovered...

Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in 7th century BC

City

The city of Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in the first half of the 7th century BC to protect the eastern borders of Urartu from the barbaric Cimmerians and Scythians.

Within the city was a governors palace that contained a hundred and twenty rooms spreading across more than ten acres, and citadel named the Citadel of Teisheba after the Urartian god of war.
The construction of the city, palace, and the citadel were not fully finished until the reign of Rusa III, some 50 years later.

European Heritage Days in Erebuni museum

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This year  “Erebuni” Historical & Archaeological museum-reserve  will join the European Heritage Days with a special  programme. Being  loved and awaited  initiative for the thousands of  the European citizens, the celebration of the  European Heritage Days is an  important event for  observing the national values as the European common heritage. In “Erebuni” Historical & Archaeological museum-reserve  the launch of the European Heritage Days will be marked by a new exhibition  entitled “From Erebuni to Persepolis. At the Crossroad of the Urartian and Achaemenid Cultures”. It will be realized within the framework of the collaboration between “Erebuni” Historical & Archaeological museum-reserve and the  Iranian National Committee for ICOM.

The  exhibition of the illustrated posters, exhibited in the museum’s inner yard,  will mentally lead its visitors to the Urartian and Achaemenid eras,  by representing the history and the  culture of the World Heritage unique monument Persepolis and one of the important values of the Armenian Archaeological heritage Erebuni.  It’s a new opportunity for the visitors to compare the existed cultural interactions between these two ancient cities, as well as to think about  their  important cultural significance  and preservation. In Armenia the  European Heritage Days  is held with the theme “The Heritage of  Commemoration” proposed by the RA Ministry of Culture and dedicated to the Centennial  of  the Armenian Genocide. Joining the abovementioned initiative, Erebuni museum together with the Music Library will come up with a joint concert   programme  “The folk music of the Van region” representing a  small part of the Western Armenia’s rich heritage, abandoned in the result of  the Armenian Genocide. A whole series of folk songs in the participation of the Music Library Choir will be dedicated to the museum visitors.

The events, organized within the framework of the European Heritage Days, will be  summed up with the interesting  lectures on the Urartian and Achaemenid cultures,  held   by the leading Armenian and Iranian specialists.

The opening of the exhibition “From Erebuni to Persepolis. At the Crossroad of the Urartian and Achaemenid Cultures” will be held  in ″Erebuni″ Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve  on September 26, 2015  at 12:00.

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What to discover in Erebuni

Most Popular

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Նժույգը որսից հետո

Achaemenid period

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Խալդի աստծո (գահի վրա) և նրա կնոջ՝ Արուբանիի պատկերներով արծաթե կանացի զարդ

Silver Medalions

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Պահպանվել են ոսկերչական արվեստի բազմաթիվ նմուշներ

Ancient wall-paintings

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Որմնանկար Էրեբունիի սյունաշար դահլիճից

Souvenirs' shop in Museum


Erebuni

 

In Erebuni museum we have a gifts' and souvenirs' shop inside where you can buy different type of souvenirs relating to a particular topic.

Guest Book

The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here.

Guest Book