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What You Can Discover Visiting to Erebuni Fortress

City

Erebuni Fortress also known as Arin Berd is a fortified city from the ancient kingdom of Urartu, located in what is present-day Yerevan, Armenia. It was one of several fortresses built along the northern Urartu border and was one of the most important political, economic and cultural centers of the vast kingdom. The name Yerevan itself is derived from Erebuni.

Erebuni was founded by King Argishti I (r. ca. 785–753 B.C.) in 782 B.C. It was built on top of a hill called Arin Berd overlooking the Arax! River Valley to serve as a military stronghold to protect the kingdom's northern borders.

Erebuni Museum of History in Yerevan

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The Erebuni Historical & Archeological Culture-Preserve was founded on May 24, 1968 according to Resolution 225, passed by the Government of the Republic of Armenia.

It was created to scientifically validate finds discovered in the three famous archaeological sites of Arin Berd, Karmir Blur and Shengavit, situated in the administrative boundaries of Yerevan. The Culture-Preserve’s main interest is in documenting the history of the establishment of Yerevan. It operates according to its charter to promote scientific information, educational and cultural activity.

Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking Ararat(n1)

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The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here. In the southwest portion of the yard was a temple of the god Khaldi.

Excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952

Chess

Early excavations began during the nineteenth century while more systematic excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952, under the joint sponsorship of the Armenian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography and the Pushkin Museum's Board for the Preservation and Restoration of Architectural Monuments.

Dozens of Urartian and Achaemenian artifacts, such as pottery, earthenware, belt-buckles, bracelets, beads, drinking vessels, helmets, arrows and silver coins, were also uncovered...

Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in 7th century BC

City

The city of Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in the first half of the 7th century BC to protect the eastern borders of Urartu from the barbaric Cimmerians and Scythians.

Within the city was a governors palace that contained a hundred and twenty rooms spreading across more than ten acres, and citadel named the Citadel of Teisheba after the Urartian god of war.
The construction of the city, palace, and the citadel were not fully finished until the reign of Rusa III, some 50 years later.

The exhibition entitled “Lion and Bull hunt in the Ancient Near East” within the framework of the International Day for Monuments and Sites

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Within the frameworks of the International Day for Monuments and Sites, theme of which is  the ''Heritage of Sport'', ''Erebuni'' Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve, in a close collaboration with the ICOMOS/Armenia, is  organizing  an exhibition  entitled  ‘‘Lion and bull hunt in the Ancient Near East’’. The exhibition will represent to its visitors some sport events from the Ancient Near East and scenes which prove the existence of the lion and bull hunt in Urartu.  In  the religious systems of   several regions of  Ancient Near East  lion hunting, sometimes even bull ritual hunting had an important role. These  are  demonstrated not only in the various   scenes of the Ancient Near East iconography, but also in several written sources.

The «institution» of the lion and bull ritual hunting was mostly widespread during  the period of  Middle and New reigns of the  Assyrian  state. Here it was bearing mostly ''royal character''. The lion and bull hunting   was original and unusual competition  and included some sporty elements. In the urartian iconography, there are some   scenes, which can prove   the existence of the ritual hunting in the kingdom of  Van. Such scenes are appeared especially  in the Urartian belts  depicted with trimmings. ''Erebuni'' Historical  &  Archaeological  Museum-Reserve is  one of the unique  institutions, where  archaeological artifacts  with the scenes of  lion and bull hunting   are stored. These are fragments of belts  found from the  Nor Aresh columbarium  and from the Biainili vault.  The opening of the exhibition “Lion and bull hunting in the Ancient Near East” dedicated to the International  day for Monuments and Sites will be in “Erebuni” Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve,on April 18, 2016 at 14:00 /Yerevan, Erebuni 38st. /. The exhibition will run untill  May 8, 2016.

 

By the proposal of the International Council on Monuments and Sites /ICOMOS/   since 1983  UNESCO  celebrates April 18 as the International Day  for Monuments and Sites, calling on its state members to contribute to the preservation of the monuments and highlight the importance and problems of heritage protection  in various ways  and  to the  raise social  vigilance  and responsibility towards the heritage conservation.

This  year  ICOMOS  suggested to the heritage guards to come up with the various cultural initiatives within the context of «Heritage of  Sport».

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What to discover in Erebuni

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Նժույգը որսից հետո

Achaemenid period

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Խալդի աստծո (գահի վրա) և նրա կնոջ՝ Արուբանիի պատկերներով արծաթե կանացի զարդ

Silver Medalions

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Պահպանվել են ոսկերչական արվեստի բազմաթիվ նմուշներ

Ancient wall-paintings

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Որմնանկար Էրեբունիի սյունաշար դահլիճից

Souvenirs' shop in Museum


Erebuni

 

In Erebuni museum we have a gifts' and souvenirs' shop inside where you can buy different type of souvenirs relating to a particular topic.

Guest Book

The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here.

Guest Book