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What You Can Discover Visiting to Erebuni Fortress

City

Erebuni Fortress also known as Arin Berd is a fortified city from the ancient kingdom of Urartu, located in what is present-day Yerevan, Armenia. It was one of several fortresses built along the northern Urartu border and was one of the most important political, economic and cultural centers of the vast kingdom. The name Yerevan itself is derived from Erebuni.

Erebuni was founded by King Argishti I (r. ca. 785–753 B.C.) in 782 B.C. It was built on top of a hill called Arin Berd overlooking the Arax! River Valley to serve as a military stronghold to protect the kingdom's northern borders.

Erebuni Museum of History in Yerevan

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The Erebuni Historical & Archeological Culture-Preserve was founded on May 24, 1968 according to Resolution 225, passed by the Government of the Republic of Armenia.

It was created to scientifically validate finds discovered in the three famous archaeological sites of Arin Berd, Karmir Blur and Shengavit, situated in the administrative boundaries of Yerevan. The Culture-Preserve’s main interest is in documenting the history of the establishment of Yerevan. It operates according to its charter to promote scientific information, educational and cultural activity.

Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking Ararat(n1)

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The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here. In the southwest portion of the yard was a temple of the god Khaldi.

Excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952

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Early excavations began during the nineteenth century while more systematic excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952, under the joint sponsorship of the Armenian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography and the Pushkin Museum's Board for the Preservation and Restoration of Architectural Monuments.

Dozens of Urartian and Achaemenian artifacts, such as pottery, earthenware, belt-buckles, bracelets, beads, drinking vessels, helmets, arrows and silver coins, were also uncovered...

Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in 7th century BC

City

The city of Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in the first half of the 7th century BC to protect the eastern borders of Urartu from the barbaric Cimmerians and Scythians.

Within the city was a governors palace that contained a hundred and twenty rooms spreading across more than ten acres, and citadel named the Citadel of Teisheba after the Urartian god of war.
The construction of the city, palace, and the citadel were not fully finished until the reign of Rusa III, some 50 years later.

New exhibition entitled “The Urartian monuments in the Republic of Armenia” was opened in Persepolis

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On may 16, 2016 in the the Islamic Republic of Iran, in  the World heritage site museum of   Persepolis/ Takht-e Jamshid/ was opened a new exhibition entitled “The Urartian monuments in the Republic of Armenia”. This was а reciprocal exhibition to the exhibition entitled “From Erebuni to Persepolis. At the crossroad of Urartian and Achaemenid cultures” organized in 2015 within the framework of the Armenian-Iranian collaboration. With the welcoming speech came up the director of the “Erebuni” Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve, the president of ICOMOS/Armenia NGO Mr. Gagik Gyurjyan, who emphasized in his speech that this exhibition could greatly stimulate to the strengthening of the cultural ties between the 2 countries.

At the opening ceremony with the congratulating speeches came up also the president of International Council of Museums /ICOM/ Mr. Hans-Martin Hinz, the executive director of Iran ICOM Mr. Ahmad Mohit Tabatabai, director of Persepolis museum Mr. Rezaii and others. Then, in Persepolis museum was organized Armenian-Iranian joint lectures. The  exhibition entitled “The Urartian monuments in the Republic of Armenia” was organized within the framework of the Memorandum, signed in Yerevan, in 2015, between ICOMOS/Armenia, ICOM Armenia and Iran ICOM and in the framework of the visit of the Armenian delegation in Iran in the Cultural Week  in IRI from May14-19, 2016.

The delegation was composed of the Yerevan municipality Culture and Tourism department, head of culture unit Mr. Emin Torosyan, president of ICOMOS/Armenia, director of “Erebuni” Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve Mr. Gagik Gyurjyan, Head of department of the Ancient Archaeology of Armenia Mr. Mkrtich Zardaryan, Institute of Archaeology and Etnography NAS RA and  the employees of “Erebuni” museum.

Two important agreements were signed within the framework of the visit of the Armenian delegation. The agreements were signed for the cultural cooperation between Yerevan municipality Culture and Tourism department, head of culture unit Mr. Emin Torosyan and  deputy  mayor of Shiraz, the head of department of culture, tourism and social affairs, Mr. H.Bushehri and Head of department of the Ancient Archaeology of Armenia Mr. Mkrtich Zardaryan, as well as  between Institute of Archaeology and Etnography NAS RA and director of Iran’s  Research Institute for Cultural Heritage and Tourism Mr. M. Beheshti on the scientific researches in the sphere of archaeology, ethnography and folklore. During the visit, in the National Library of Shiraz was held the opening ceremony of  Shiraz branch of Iran ICOM, which was accompanied by the congratulatory messages on the 70th anniversary of ICOM. The president of ICOMOS/Armenia, director of  “Erebuni” Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve Mr. Gagik Gyurjyan and Yerevan municipality Culture and Tourism department, head of culture unit Mr. Emin Torosyan congritulated the president of ICOM on the occasion of its 70th anniversary, and with the other members of the delegation and officials visited many famous monuments and museums of Shiraz city.

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What to discover in Erebuni

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Նժույգը որսից հետո

Achaemenid period

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Խալդի աստծո (գահի վրա) և նրա կնոջ՝ Արուբանիի պատկերներով արծաթե կանացի զարդ

Silver Medalions

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Պահպանվել են ոսկերչական արվեստի բազմաթիվ նմուշներ

Ancient wall-paintings

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Որմնանկար Էրեբունիի սյունաշար դահլիճից

Souvenirs' shop in Museum


Erebuni

 

In Erebuni museum we have a gifts' and souvenirs' shop inside where you can buy different type of souvenirs relating to a particular topic.

Guest Book

The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here.

Guest Book