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What You Can Discover Visiting to Erebuni Fortress

City

Erebuni Fortress also known as Arin Berd is a fortified city from the ancient kingdom of Urartu, located in what is present-day Yerevan, Armenia. It was one of several fortresses built along the northern Urartu border and was one of the most important political, economic and cultural centers of the vast kingdom. The name Yerevan itself is derived from Erebuni.

Erebuni was founded by King Argishti I (r. ca. 785–753 B.C.) in 782 B.C. It was built on top of a hill called Arin Berd overlooking the Arax! River Valley to serve as a military stronghold to protect the kingdom's northern borders.

Erebuni Museum of History in Yerevan

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The Erebuni Historical & Archeological Culture-Preserve was founded on May 24, 1968 according to Resolution 225, passed by the Government of the Republic of Armenia.

It was created to scientifically validate finds discovered in the three famous archaeological sites of Arin Berd, Karmir Blur and Shengavit, situated in the administrative boundaries of Yerevan. The Culture-Preserve’s main interest is in documenting the history of the establishment of Yerevan. It operates according to its charter to promote scientific information, educational and cultural activity.

Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking Ararat(n1)

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The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here. In the southwest portion of the yard was a temple of the god Khaldi.

Excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952

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Early excavations began during the nineteenth century while more systematic excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952, under the joint sponsorship of the Armenian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography and the Pushkin Museum's Board for the Preservation and Restoration of Architectural Monuments.

Dozens of Urartian and Achaemenian artifacts, such as pottery, earthenware, belt-buckles, bracelets, beads, drinking vessels, helmets, arrows and silver coins, were also uncovered...

Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in 7th century BC

City

The city of Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in the first half of the 7th century BC to protect the eastern borders of Urartu from the barbaric Cimmerians and Scythians.

Within the city was a governors palace that contained a hundred and twenty rooms spreading across more than ten acres, and citadel named the Citadel of Teisheba after the Urartian god of war.
The construction of the city, palace, and the citadel were not fully finished until the reign of Rusa III, some 50 years later.

Erebuni took part in the XII International Congress dedicated to the Earthen constructions of Lyon

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On July 10-18, 2016 the Armenian delegation participated in the XII  International Congress dedicated to the Earthen constructions  of Lyon. Among the delegates  was the director of Yerevan Municipality “Erebuni” Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve, Mr. G. Gyurjyan.

Within the framework of the visit to Lyon, 3  Armenian delegates  L. Ghazaryan, E. Harutyunyan and H. Petrosyan came up with the reports on the architecture of the earthen constructions and on its conservation  issues.

The conference hosted nearly 800 participants from the 70 countries.  For the Armenian delegation it was great pleasure to attend   the official reception organized specially for the Armenian delegation by the Lyon Municipality.

During the business meetings and private conversations  with the head of CRAterre (International Center of  Earthen Architecture), director of  “Erebuni” Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve, Mr. G. Gyurjyan strengthened  previously reached collaboration agreements, emphasizing that the main  building material of the Urartian fortresses of  Erebuni and Karmir blur was  mud-brick, and the materials found from that archaeological sites widely  disclosed  the possibilities of its usage, composition, color and the peculiarities of its  physicochemical and mechanical characteristics.

Director of the museum G.Gyurjyan highlighted the importance of the practical courses,   carried out by the specialist of CRAterre,  which referred to the  methods  of preparing  mud brick and to its material. The students of  NUACA and the employees of  “Erebuni” museum participated in that courses and  got certificates of qualification.

This problem becomes more urgent on the eve of  the 2800 anniversary of Erebuni-Yerevan /2018/,  for the implementation of the  extensive restoration  project.

G. Gyurjyan spoke about the successful collaboration with the French archaeologists and mentioned that the scope of  the abovementioned  cooperation can be expanded  by making researches on the mud brick with the  institutions dealing with the problems of preservation of the earthen architecture, which will significantly contribute to the conservation of earthen heritage, to the opportunities of its contemporary development.

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What to discover in Erebuni

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Նժույգը որսից հետո

Achaemenid period

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Խալդի աստծո (գահի վրա) և նրա կնոջ՝ Արուբանիի պատկերներով արծաթե կանացի զարդ

Silver Medalions

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Պահպանվել են ոսկերչական արվեստի բազմաթիվ նմուշներ

Ancient wall-paintings

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Որմնանկար Էրեբունիի սյունաշար դահլիճից

Souvenirs' shop in Museum


Erebuni

 

In Erebuni museum we have a gifts' and souvenirs' shop inside where you can buy different type of souvenirs relating to a particular topic.

Guest Book

The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here.

Guest Book