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What You Can Discover Visiting to Erebuni Fortress

City

Erebuni Fortress also known as Arin Berd is a fortified city from the ancient kingdom of Urartu, located in what is present-day Yerevan, Armenia. It was one of several fortresses built along the northern Urartu border and was one of the most important political, economic and cultural centers of the vast kingdom. The name Yerevan itself is derived from Erebuni.

Erebuni was founded by King Argishti I (r. ca. 785–753 B.C.) in 782 B.C. It was built on top of a hill called Arin Berd overlooking the Arax! River Valley to serve as a military stronghold to protect the kingdom's northern borders.

Erebuni Museum of History in Yerevan

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The Erebuni Historical & Archeological Culture-Preserve was founded on May 24, 1968 according to Resolution 225, passed by the Government of the Republic of Armenia.

It was created to scientifically validate finds discovered in the three famous archaeological sites of Arin Berd, Karmir Blur and Shengavit, situated in the administrative boundaries of Yerevan. The Culture-Preserve’s main interest is in documenting the history of the establishment of Yerevan. It operates according to its charter to promote scientific information, educational and cultural activity.

Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking Ararat(n1)

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The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here. In the southwest portion of the yard was a temple of the god Khaldi.

Excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952

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Early excavations began during the nineteenth century while more systematic excavations were carried out at Erebuni in 1952, under the joint sponsorship of the Armenian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography and the Pushkin Museum's Board for the Preservation and Restoration of Architectural Monuments.

Dozens of Urartian and Achaemenian artifacts, such as pottery, earthenware, belt-buckles, bracelets, beads, drinking vessels, helmets, arrows and silver coins, were also uncovered...

Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in 7th century BC

City

The city of Teishebaini was built by Rusa II in the first half of the 7th century BC to protect the eastern borders of Urartu from the barbaric Cimmerians and Scythians.

Within the city was a governors palace that contained a hundred and twenty rooms spreading across more than ten acres, and citadel named the Citadel of Teisheba after the Urartian god of war.
The construction of the city, palace, and the citadel were not fully finished until the reign of Rusa III, some 50 years later.

M.Piotrovsky, Director of State Hermitage Museum, visited “Erebuni” Museum-Reserve

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On December 12, 2016 the  director of  State Hermitage Museum M.Piotrovsky  visited Erebuni museum, within the official visit to Yerevan. Accompanied by the director of the museum G.Gyurjyan, M.Piotrovsky with his son Boris Piotrovsky got acquainted with the temporary exhibition entitled as “On the traces of Boris Piotrovsky”, dedicated to the outstanding scientist, academician of the Academy of  Sciences of USSR and ASSR Boris Piotrovsky.

He explained all the information displayed on the posters  dedicated to Piotrovskiy’ s  scientific activities, particularly to Karmir Blur with great pleasure . He also presented the stories and pictures concerning his family and sons. The articles, books and jugs unearthed by B.Piotrovsky during the excavation in Karmir blur were exhibited in the separate   vitrines. All these artifacts were kept in the fund and  removed especially for the occasion.

Then, M.Piotrovsky had a discussion with the employees of the museum, officials, architects, archaeologists and students from the universities. G.Gyurjyan, the director of the museum, welcomed and gave to the honorable guest a  bronze replica statuette of a horse-head, found from Karmir blur by B. Piotrovsky. With the greetings also came up many scientists, who had an opportunity to deal with the great scientist  “Boris Piotrovsky”.

Among the participants were  the  students of Piotrovsky, who are now famous scientists of Armenia.The director of the State Hermitage   expressed his gratitude for the warm reception and for wonderfully- organized  exhibition then  presented  to the  museum  books from the State Hermitage. M.Piotrovsky presented  the exhibition halls of  Hermitage dedicated to the Urartu and the  Armenian culture with the help of slides .

At the end of the meeting   in the permanent exhibition hall a surprise was waiting for M.Piotrovsky. There were two vitrines  and in one of the them  there was  a bottle of cognac,  with a funny inscription,  assigned  by B.Piotrovsky in 1971, which he presented to the Erebuni museum and in the second one there was a bottle of cognac «Erebuni-Yerevan 2798», which was also assigned by M.Piotrovski and his son B.Piotrovski in the place.

Before the farewell, M.Piotrovskiy took a photo with the employees of the museum with the hope to meet  again in his “own home” at  Erebuni museum.

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What to discover in Erebuni

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Նժույգը որսից հետո

Achaemenid period

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Խալդի աստծո (գահի վրա) և նրա կնոջ՝ Արուբանիի պատկերներով արծաթե կանացի զարդ

Silver Medalions

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Պահպանվել են ոսկերչական արվեստի բազմաթիվ նմուշներ

Ancient wall-paintings

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Որմնանկար Էրեբունիի սյունաշար դահլիճից

Souvenirs' shop in Museum


Erebuni

 

In Erebuni museum we have a gifts' and souvenirs' shop inside where you can buy different type of souvenirs relating to a particular topic.

Guest Book

The site of Erebuni Fortress was located atop the 65 m tall hill of Arin Berd as a stategic position overlooking the Ararat plain and the main roads leading to the citadel. It also overlooked cramped Urartian town made up of residences below at the foot of the hill.

The main entrance to the fortresswas located at the more gently sloped southeastern site of the hill. It led to the central yard of the citadel. Ceremonies held by the personal guards of Argishti I and guards of the fortress garrison were held here.

Guest Book